A feasible in vitro method to evaluate bacterial infiltration in three implant-abutment connection systems

Abstract

Introduction: Microorganism infiltration through the im-plant-abutment interface causes oral health problems such as periimplantitis, leading to implant loss.
Materials and Methods: A feasible new method to quantify the Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) infiltration through the implant-abutment interface gap is introduced in the present work. Internal hexagon (IH; n = 10), external hexagon (EH; n = 10), Morse taper (MT; n = 10), and a control for each group (n = 1) were tested. Bacteria suspension was prepared at 1.5x108 CFU/mL (CFU: colony forming units), and the implants were individually submerged up to the connection level, allowing the bacteria to contact it. The abutment was removed, and bacteria count was performed.
Results: The implant sets were tested under normal bacterial growth and early and late biofilm growth conditions. Colony-forming units per mL were obtained, and the results were compared among groups. Differences in bacterial count between the MT and EH (p<0.001) and the MT and IH (p<0.001) groups were significantly higher in the MT-type implant. There was a significant increment of bacterial infiltration in the MTs submitted to late biofilm growth conditions. EH and IH connections are more effective in preventing bacterial infiltration independent of the growth condition.
Conclusions: The proposed methodology is feasible to evaluate the infiltration of microorganisms through the implant-abutment interface.
Keywords: Biofilm; Bacteria; infiltration; Streptococcus mutans; Dental implants; In vitro techniques.

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Published
2024-03-31
How to Cite
DE QUEIROZ, Alexandre Cavalcante et al. A feasible in vitro method to evaluate bacterial infiltration in three implant-abutment connection systems. Journal of Oral Research, [S.l.], v. 13, n. 1, p. 26-36, mar. 2024. ISSN 0719-2479. Available at: <https://www.joralres.com/index.php/JOralRes/article/view/joralres.2024.003>. Date accessed: 23 june 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.17126/joralres.2024.003.