Experiences of professionalized Chilean dental educators. A qualitative study.

  • Héctor Oñate School of Health Sciences, Universidad Viña del Mar, Viña del Mar, Chile. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8605-4872
  • Jaime Segovia-Chamorro Department of Periodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Universidad de Valparaíso, Valparaíso, Chile. http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3947-9218
  • Roberto Cárcamo Private Practice, Valparaíso, Chile.
  • Alejandra Bravo Private Practice, Valparaíso, Chile.

Abstract

Introduction: The active learning process is certainly one of the most complex challenges in dental education. It is essential for the development of critical thinking and clinical skills. There is evidence of the need for teacher professionalization, but there is scarce literature reporting on the positive changes in the teaching profession based on such professionalization. The aim of the present study is to explore the experiences of the pedagogical performance of professionalized educators in dentistry. Material and Methods: A qualitative study was conducted using a design based on content analysis. The sample was selected for convenience and included dentists who have completed a master's degree in teaching in higher education, who were part of the teaching staff of a dental university program and with a career experience of at least 5 years. Semi-structured interviews were conducted, with three initial dimensions: Teaching Career, Motivation for Teacher Professionalization, and Impact on the teaching-learning process. The interviews were verbatim transcribed, and content analysis was performed by the researchers using data triangulation. The research was approved by the research and ethics committee. Results: Six categories were established: Generational clash, Motivations to practice teaching, Motivations to professionalize teaching, Competences acquired after professionalization, Effects of professionalization in the classroom context, and Shortcomings of the professionalized educator. Conclusion: Professionalized dental educators show comprehensive improvements in their performance. They have developed practical competences for the specific needs of the courses they give.

References

[1]. Quinonez RB, Wolcott MD, Reside JM, Jackson TH, Kornegay EC, King JD, Ciarrocca K, Kowlowitz V, Swift EJ, Zomorodi M, La Garry AE, Greene JA, De Rossi SS. Call for ACTion: Transforming Dental Education at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. N C Med J. 2019 May-Jun;80(3):182-185. doi: 10.18043/ncm.80.3.182.

[2]. Informe sobre la Educación Superior en América Latina y el Caribe. 2000-2005. La metamorfosis de la educación superior. | SELA [Internet]. [citado 2 de abril de 2021]. Disponible en: http://www.sela.org/es/centro-de-documentacion/base-de-datos-documental/bdd/30934/informe-sobre-la-educacion-superior-en-america-latina-y-el-caribe-2000-2005-la-metamorfosis-de-la-educacion-superior

[3]. Marchesi Á. Las Metas Educativas 2021. Un proyecto iberoamericano para transformar la educación en la década de los bicentenarios. Revista Iberoamericana de Ciencia, Tecnología y Sociedad - CTS. 2009;4(12):87-157 ISSN: 1668-0030. Disponible en: https://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=92411770007

[4]. Pekkarinen V, Hirsto L. University Lecturers’ Experiences of and Reflections on the Development of Their Pedagogical Competency. Scand J Educ Res. 20 de junio de 2016;61:1-19.

[5]. Erlingsson C, Brysiewicz P. A hands-on guide to doing content analysis. Afr J Emerg Med. 2017 Sep;7(3):93-99. doi: 10.1016/j.afjem.2017.08.001.

[6]. Morse JM. Critical Analysis of Strategies for Determining Rigor in Qualitative Inquiry. Qual Health Res. 2015 Sep;25(9):1212-22. doi: 10.1177/1049732315588501

[7]. Garcia LT. The Virtue of Diversity and Inclusion. J Dent Educ. 2019 Jul;83(7 Suppl):S16-S18. doi: 10.21815/JDE.019.119.

[8]. Browne J, Webb K, Bullock A. Making the leap to medical education: a qualitative study of medical educators' experiences. Med Educ. 2018 Feb;52(2):216-226. doi: 10.1111/medu.13470.

[9]. Zartner D, Carpenter K, Gokcek G, Melin M, Shaw C. Knowledge, Skills, and Preparing for the Future: Best Practices to Educate International Studies Majors for Life after College, International Studies Perspectives. 2018;19(2):148-69, doi:10.1093/isp/ekx004

[10]. Sethi A, Schofield S, Ajjawi R, McAleer S. How do postgraduate qualifications in medical education impact on health professionals? Med Teach. 2016;38(2):162-7. doi: 10.3109/0142159X.2015.1009025.

[11]. Ödalen J, Brommesson D, Erlingsson G, SchafferJK, Fogelgren M. Teaching university teachers to become better teachers: the effects of pedagogical training courses at six Swedish universities, Higher Education Research & Development. 2019; 38(2), 339-53. doi: 10.1080/07294360.2018.1512955

[12]. Shaw R. Professionalising teaching in HE: the impact of an institutional fellowship scheme in the UK. High Educ Res Dev. 2018;37(1):145-57.

[13]. Land R, Gordon G. Teaching Excellence Initiatives: Modalities and Operational Factors. Higher Education Academy. Higher Education Academy; 2015.

[14]. Darling-Hammond L, Hyler ME, Gardner M. Effective Teacher Professional Development. Palo Alto CA: Learning Policy Institute. 2017.

[15]. Lynch CD, Blum IR, Wilson NHF. Leadership in dental education. J Dent.2019;87:7-9.

[16]. Teachers’ Professional Lives: Aspirations and Actualities [Internet]. Teachers’ Professional Lives. Routledge; 2002.

[17]. Robinson W, Hilli A. The English «Teaching Excellence Framework» and Professionalising Teaching and Learning in Research-Intensive Universities: An Exploration of Opportunities, Challenges, Rewards and Values from a Recent Empirical Study. Foro Educ.2016;14(21):151.

[18]. Rajab LD, Baqain ZH. Use of information and communication technology among dental students at the University of Jordan. J Dent Educ. 2005 Mar;69(3):387-98. PMID: 15749951.

19. Feiler JB, Stabio ME. Three pillars of educational neuroscience from three decades of literature. Trends Neurosci Educ.2018;13:17-25.

[20]. Lovas JG, Lovas DA, Lovas PM. Mindfulness and professionalism in dentistry. J Dent Educ.2008;72(9):998-1009.
Published
2021-10-31
How to Cite
OÑATE, Héctor et al. Experiences of professionalized Chilean dental educators. A qualitative study.. Journal of Oral Research, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 5, p. 1-10, oct. 2021. ISSN 0719-2479. Available at: <https://www.joralres.com/index.php/JOralRes/article/view/joralres.2021.059>. Date accessed: 24 apr. 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.17126/joralres.2021.059.
Section
Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)