Assessment of general bullying and bullying due to appearance of teeth in a sample of 11-16 year-old Peruvian schoolchildren.

  • Mayra Bazán-Serrano Práctica privada, Trujillo.
  • Marcos J Carruitero Universidad Privada Antenor Orrego, Trujillo.


Abstract: Objective: To assess the incidence of general bullying and bullying due to the appearance of teeth in a sample of 11-16 year-old Peruvian schoolchildren. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study with a sample of 218 students aged 11 to 16 years old (13.41±1.44), 109 males, and 153 from a public school. A survey on general bullying and the appearance of teeth was applied using a validated questionnaire. Results: The frequency of general bullying was 32.57%, and bullying due to dental appearance was 18.81%. General bullying (p=0.005) and dental appearance (p=0.024) were more frequent in the public school, but there were no statistically significant differences according to sex. The highest frequency of general bullying was related to name-calling, which accounted for 47.71%. Victimization by appearance of teeth in one or two occasions in the last two months accounted for 12.39%, according to participating subjects. Conclusion: General and tooth-related bullying was more frequent among students in public schools, with no significant differences according to sex.

Author Biography

Mayra Bazán-Serrano, Práctica privada, Trujillo.

Editor de Journal of Oral Research.

Asesor en Metodología de la Investigación.


1. Gini G, Pozzoli T. Bullied children and psychosomatic problems: a meta-analysis. Pediatrics. 2013;132(4):720–9.
2. Mundy LK, Canterford L, Kosola S, Degenhardt L, Allen NB, Patton GC. Peer Victimization and Academic Performance in Primary School Children. Acad Pediatr. 2017;17(8):830–6.
3. Srabstein JC. News reports of bullying-related fatal and nonfatal injuries in the Americas. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2013;33(5):378–82.
4. Chikaodi O, Abdulmanan Y, Emmanuel AT, Muhammad J, Mohammed MA, Izegboya A, Donald OO, Balarabe S. Bullying, its effects on attitude towards class attendance and the contribution of physical and dentofacial features among adolescents in Northern Nigeria. Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2017:[Epub ahead of print]..
5. Oliveros M, Figueroa L, Mayorga G, Cano G, Quispe Y, Barrientos A. Intimidación en colegios estatales de secundaria del Perú. Rev Peru Pediatr. 2009;62(2):68–78.
6. Oliveros D, Barrientos A. Incidencia y factores de riesgo de la intimidación (bullying) en un colegio particular de Lima-Perú, 2007. Rev Peru Pediatr. 2007;60(3):150–5.
7. Al-Bitar ZB, Al-Omari IK, Sonbol HN, Al-Ahmad HT, Cunningham SJ. Bullying among Jordanian schoolchildren, its effects on school performance, and the contribution of general physical and dentofacial features. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2013;144(6):872–8.
8. Mello FMC, Silva JLD, Oliveira WA, Prado RRD, Malta DC, Silva MAI. The practice of bullying among Brazilian schoolchildren and associated factors, National School Health Survey 2015. Cien Saude Colet. 2017;22(9):2939–48.
9. Florián-Vargas K, Honores MJ, Bernabé E, Flores-Mir C. Self-esteem in adolescents with Angle Class I, II and III malocclusion in a Peruvian sample. Dental Press J Orthod. 2016;21(2):59–64.
10. Seehra J, Newton JT, Dibiase AT. Interceptive orthodontic treatment in bullied adolescents and its impact on self-esteem and oral-health-related quality of life. Eur J Orthod. 2013;35(5):615–21.
How to Cite
BAZÁN-SERRANO, Mayra; CARRUITERO, Marcos J. Assessment of general bullying and bullying due to appearance of teeth in a sample of 11-16 year-old Peruvian schoolchildren.. Journal of Oral Research, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 11, p. 287-290, nov. 2017. ISSN 0719-2479. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 12 july 2024. doi:


bullying; dental appearance; adolescence; private education; public education.