Apicectomía o implante: Reporte de un caso clínico.

Enrique Fernández-Bodereau, Patricia Tortolini

Abstract


Se reporta un caso clínico de un paciente al que se le realizó apicectomía en un premolar superior, presumiblemente por una endodoncia realizada en forma inadecuada y tener un perno colado donde la extracción del mismo correría el riesgo de la fractura dentaria. Fracasado dicho tratamiento se realiza un implante inmediato a la exodoncia, donde  se colocó relleno óseo autólogo y xenoinjerto con membrana de colágeno reabsorbible. De esto se deduce que la faz diagnóstica es muy importante. Después de 4 meses  se realiza la carga funcional del implante con una corona cerámica cementada. Uno de los factores que influyeron en los resultados positivos de este caso, es la superficie ultramicrotexturada del implante que se usó, además de ser considerados estadísticamente los premolares de tener la tabla ósea vestibular de mayor espesor que el sector anterior.

Palabras claves: Regeneración ósea guiada, biomateriales, implantes, apicectomía.

We report a clinical case of a patient who underwent apicectomy on an upper premolar, presumably by endodontic done improperly, and have cast a bolt where the extraction run the risk of tooth fracture. Failed such treatment, an implant is performed, placed immediately after extraction, in which bone filling with xenograft and guided bone regeneration with resorbable collagen membrane was done. From this we deduce that the phase diagnosed is of paramount importance. Two months after functional load of the implant is made with a cemented ceramic crown. One of the factors that influenced the positive outcome of this case, where immediately implants are placed to the tooth extraction is ultra microtextured surface of  the used implant, besides being the bone table of  these dental elements of  thicker vestibular.

Keywords:guided bone regeneration, biomaterials, implants, apicectomy.


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