The effect of the new hemostatic agent Ostene® on bone healing: An experimental study in rabbits.

  • Alyaa I. Naser Asst. lecturer. Department of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery, College of Dentistry, University of Mosul. Iraq.

Abstract

Introduction: Ostene® is a water-soluble wax-like alkylene oxide copolymer preparation for use as a mechanical hemostatic agent. This study aims to evaluate the effects of Ostene® on bone healing. Materials and Methods: Twenty albino rabbits were divided into four groups according to post-treatment follow-up (24 hr, 3 days, 7 days, 14 days) with five rabbits in each group. Each rabbit in all groups was treated with two study materials (Ostene® and Gelfoam®). Three holes were made in the mandibular bone of each rabbit using 5mm surgical bur; two holes were made on right side: one for testing Ostene® and another for Gelfoam®. A third hole, on the left side of mandible, was not treated, and was used as a control. Finally, the incision was closed. The specimens were collected at different days post-treatment and examined by histopathology. Result and Discussion: This study showed that there is a significant difference (p-value≤ 0.05) between the Ostene® group and the other groups (Gelfoam® and control). At 24 hr post intervention, there is a significant difference in osteoblast cell formation (p-value=0.03), and osteoclast cell formation (p-value=0.05). New blood vessel formation, osteoblast and osteoclast cell formation for Ostene® group at 3 days post-intervention were also significantly different (p-values = 0.05, 0.03, 0.04, respectively). At 7 days post-intervention p-values were 0.05 for osteoblast formation and 0.04 for osteoclast formation, respectively. After 14 days of healing p-value for osteoblast cell formation in the Ostene® group was 0.05 and 0.04 for osteoclast cell formation. Conclusions: The bone hemostatic agent Ostene® is an effective at enhancing osteogenesis by initiating proliferation of osteoblast and osteoclast cells.

Author Biography

Alyaa I. Naser, Asst. lecturer. Department of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery, College of Dentistry, University of Mosul. Iraq.

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Published
2018-11-22
How to Cite
NASER, Alyaa I.. The effect of the new hemostatic agent Ostene® on bone healing: An experimental study in rabbits.. Journal of Oral Research, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 8, p. 286-291, nov. 2018. ISSN 0719-2479. Available at: <http://www.joralres.com/index.php/JOR/article/view/joralres.2018.075>. Date accessed: 25 apr. 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.17126/joralres.2018.075.
Section
Articles

Keywords

bone hemostatic agent; ostene; alkylene oxide copolymer; water soluble wax; wound healing.