Alcohol consumption and maxillofacial fractures in times of COVID-19: a cross-sectional study in a Cuban university hospital.


Introduction: The consumption of alcoholic beverages reduces the body's ability to deal with dangerous situations and exposes people to trauma.
Objective: To determine the association between the consumption of alcoholic beverages and the characteristics of maxillofacial fractures treated at a Cuban university hospital in the context of COVID-19.
Material and Methods: An observational, analytical, and cross-sectional study was carried out in the Maxillofacial Surgery unit at the “Carlos Manuel de Céspedes” General University Hospital during the year 2020. Prevalence ratios, 95% confidence intervals and p-values were obtained using generalized linear models.
Results: In 58.23% of the cases, fractures were related to the consumption of alcoholic beverages. The fundamental etiology was interpersonal violence (47.75%), regardless of the consumption of alcoholic beverages. There was a prevalence of patients with nasal fractures (n=98; 55.06%), among which, 35.71% had consumed alcoholic beverages at the time of the trauma. Being male (p=0.005), the lack of university studies (p=0.007), the need for surgical treatment (p<0.001), the fractures of the zygomaticomaxillary complex (p=0.023), and the traumas that occurred during the weekends (p<0.001) or during the month of June (p=0.029) were factors associated with a higher frequency of fractures related to the consumption of alcoholic beverages. There was a lower frequency of fractures associated with alcohol consumption during the months of January (p=0.006) and March (p=0.001).
Conclusion: Six out of ten cases were under the influence of alcoholic beverages. There was a greater number of young and male patients, mainly due to interpersonal violence.


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How to Cite
CORRALES-REYES, Ibraín Enrique et al. Alcohol consumption and maxillofacial fractures in times of COVID-19: a cross-sectional study in a Cuban university hospital.. Journal of Oral Research, [S.l.], v. 11, n. 6, p. 1-13, dec. 2022. ISSN 0719-2479. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 28 sep. 2023. doi:

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