Preschool teachers' knowledge and attitudes about dental trauma in Rijeka, Croatia: a cross-sectional study.

  • Natasa Ivancic Jokic Faculty of Dental medicine of the University of Rijeka, Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Clinical Hospital Center Rijeka, Croatia. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2688-0590
  • Jelena Kristic Private practice, Croatia.
  • Odri Cicvaric Faculty of Dental medicine of the University of Rijeka, Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Clinical Hospital Center Rijeka, Croatia. http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0291-2743
  • Marija Simunovic-Erpusina Faculty of Dental medicine of the University of Rijeka, Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Clinical Hospital Center Rijeka, Croatia.
  • Danijela Stanfel Jadran-galenski laboratorij d.d. Svilno, Department of Biotechnology, University of Rijeka, Croatia.
  • Danko Bakarcic Jadran-galenski laboratorij d.d. Svilno, Department of Biotechnology, University of Rijeka, Croatia. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1680-1174

Abstract

Introduction: Traumatic tooth injuries often occur in childhood. They are not life-threatening, but they can cause a number of complications that can affect the quality of life. Proper first aid can significantly facilitate further dental treatment. The aim of this research was to evaluate preschool teachers’ knowledge and attitudes about dental trauma and their motivation for further education. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study included 54 preschool teachers. It was carried out in the form of a questionnaire consisting of 23 questions regarding traumatic tooth injuries, experiences and knowledge and teachers’ interest in additional education.Results: Most of the preschool teachers, 68.51%, did not witness any dental traumas during their work experience. From the teachers who witnessed dental trauma, only 11.76% gave first aid and none of them called the dentist and followed their instructions. In case of dental avulsion 72.22% would keep the avulsed tooth in a dry gauze or tissue. Even though 81.49% consider themselves uninformed about dental, all of them are interested in additional education. Conclusion: Despite the insufficient knowledge about dental trauma, its management, and first aid it is encouraging that all of the preschool teachers included in this research are motivated to educate themselves more on this subject.

References

1. Petti S, Glendor U, Andersson L. World traumatic dental injury prevalence and incidence, a meta-analysis-One billion living people have had traumatic dental injuries. Dent Traumatol. 2018;34(2):71-86.
2. DiAngelis AJ, Andreasen JO, Ebeleseder KA. Guidelines for the Management of Traumatic Dental Injuries: 1. Fractures and Luxations of Permanent Teeth. Dent Traumatol 2012;28:2-12.
3. Jacobsen I, Andreasen JO. Traumatic injuries – examination, diagnosis and immediate care. IN: Koch G, Poulsen S. Pediatric Dentistry – a clinical approach. 1st. Copenhagen: Munksgaard, 2001:351-79.
4. Andreasen JO, Andreasen FN. Classification, etiology and epidemiology. IN: Andreasen JO, Andreasen FM, eds. Textbook and Color Atlas of Traumatic Injuries to the Teeth. 3rd Ed. Copenhagen : Munksgaard, 1993:151-77.
5. Tewari N, Bansal K, Mathur VP. Dental Trauma in Children: A Quick Overview on Management. Indian J Pediatr. 2019;86(11):1043-7.
6. Zaleckiene V, Peciuliene V, Brukiene V, Drukteinis S. Traumatic dental injuries: etiology, prevalence and possible outcomes. Stomatologija. 2014;16(1):7-14.
7. Lam R. Epidemiology and outcomes of traumatic dental injuries: a review of the literature. Aust Dent J. 2016;61 Suppl 1:4-20.
8. Gottrup F, Andreasen JO. Wound healing subsequent to injury. IN: Andreasen JO, Andreasen FM, eds. Textbook and Color Atlas of Traumatic Injuries to the Teeth. 3rd Ed. Copenhagen : Munksgaard, 1993:13-76.
9. El-Kalla IH, Shalan HM, Bakr RA. Impact of Dental Trauma on Quality of Life Among 11-14 Years Schoolchildren. Contemp Clin Dent. 2017;8(4):538-44.
10. Andreasen JO, Torabinejad M, Finkelman RD. Response of oral tissue to trauma and inflammation and mediators of hard tissue resorption. IN: Andreasen JO, Andreasen FM, eds. Textbook and Color Atlas of Traumatic Injuries to the Teeth. 3rd Ed. Copenhagen : Munksgaard, 1993:77-133.
11. Tzimpoulas N, Markou M, Zioutis V, Tzanetakis GN. A questionnaire-based survey for the evaluation of the knowledge level of primary school teachers on first-aid management of traumatic dental injuries in Athens, Greece. Dent Traumatol. 2020;36(1):41-50.
12. Andreasen JO, Jacobsen I. Traumatic injuries – follow-up and long-term prognosis. IN: Koch G, Poulsen S. Pediatric Dentistry – a clinical approach. 1st Ed. Copenhagen: Munksgaard, 2001:351-79.
13. Ozer S, Yilmaz EI, Bayrak S, Tunc ES. Parental knowledge and attitudes regarding the emergency treatment of avulsed permanent teeth. Eur J Dent. 2012;6(4):370-5.
14. Andlaw RJ, Rock WP. Treatment of traumatic injuries. IN: Andlaw RJ, Rock WP. A Manual of Paedodontics. 2nd Ed. Edinburgh London Melbourne and New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1987:181-218.
15. Andersson L, Andreasen JO, Day P, Heithersay G, Trope M, Diangelis AJ, et al. International Association of Dental Traumatology guidelines for the management of traumatic dental injuries: 2. Avulsion of permanent teeth. Dent Traumatol. 2012;28(2):88-96.
16. Andreasen JO, Andreasen FM. Avulsions. IN: Andreasen JO, Andreasen FM, eds. Textbook and Color Atlas of Traumatic Injuries to the Teeth. 3rd Edn. Copenhagen : Munksgaard, 1993:383-420.
17. Andreasen JO. Replantation of avulsed teeth. IN: Andreasen JO, Andreasen FM, eds. Textbook and Color Atlas of Traumatic Injuries to the Teeth. 3rd Ed. Copenhagen : Munksgaard, 1993:57-97.
18. Hassan S, Zulkifly N, Venkiteswaran A, Abdul Halim R. Knowledge and Attitude of Teachers in Selected Malaysian Primary School towards Dental Injuries. Scien Res J. 2018;15(2)51-66.
19. Alluqmani FA, Omar OM. Assessment of schoolteachers' knowledge about management of traumatic dental injuries in Al-Madinah city, Saudi Arabia. Eur J Dent. 2018;12(2):171-5.
20. Jorge KO, Ramos-Jorge ML, de Toledo FF, Alves LC, Paiva SM, Zarzar PM. Knowledge of teachers and students in physical education's faculties regarding first-aid measures for tooth avulsion and replantation. Dent Traumatol. 2009;25(5):494-9.
21. Nikolic H, Ivancic Jokic N, Bakarcic D, Hrvatin S, Jakljevic N. Knowledge about emergency procedure in case of dental trauma among paediatricians in Croatia. Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2018;19(4):277-81.
22. Yigit Y, Helvacioglu-Yigit D, Kan B, Ilgen C, Yilmaz S. Dentofacial traumatic injuries: A survey of knowledge and attitudes among emergency medicine physicians in Turkey. Dent Traumatol. 2019;35(1):20-6.
Published
2021-08-31
How to Cite
JOKIC, Natasa Ivancic et al. Preschool teachers' knowledge and attitudes about dental trauma in Rijeka, Croatia: a cross-sectional study.. Journal of Oral Research, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 4, p. 1-7, aug. 2021. ISSN 0719-2479. Available at: <http://www.joralres.com/index.php/JOralRes/article/view/joralres.2021.054>. Date accessed: 26 may 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.17126/joralres.2021.054.
Section
Articles