Correlation between self-perception of need for orthodontic treatment in pregnant women and the perception of oral health professionals.

Zulma A. Rodriguez-Tarma, Marcos J. Carruitero

Abstract


Objective: To determine the correlation between the self-perception of need for orthodontic treatment in pregnant women and the perception of oral health professionals. Material and methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 30 pregnant women, whose self-perception of the need for orthodontic treatment was assessed through the aesthetic component of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN). A panel of oral health professionals (OHP) composed by a dental surgeon and an orthodontist also evaluated the aesthetic perception for each pregnant woman, independently, using the same method. The correlation between the IOTN scores was evaluated using the Spearman's rank correlation coefficient and the resulting correlations were compared by the Eid-Gollwitzer-Schnmidt significance of correlations test. Results: A moderate-positive, statistically significant correlation was found between the IOTN of the pregnant women and those of the dental surgeon (0.507, p=0.004) and of the orthodontist (0.451, p=0.013). Between the dental surgeon and the orthodontist, the correlation was very high-positive and statistically significant (0.957, p<0.001). The OHP panel reported greater correlation than those involving the pregnant women (p<0.001). Conclusion: the perception of pregnant women of the need for orthodontic treatment increased moderately similar to the perception of the OHP. The pregnant women showed less consistency in their perception than the OHP, demonstrating low awareness of need for orthodontic treatment by pregnant women.

Keywords


self perception; orthodontics, index of orthodontic treatment need; pregnancy.

References


Brook PH, Shaw WC. The development of an index of orthodontic treatment priority. Eur J Orthod. 1989;11(3):309–20.

Livas C, Delli K. Subjective and objective perception of orthodontic treatment need: a systematic review. Eur J Orthod. 2013;35(3):347–53.

Lee SM, Lee JW. Computerized occlusal analysis: correlation with occlusal indexes to assess the outcome of orthodontic treatment or the severity of malocculusion. Korean J Orthod. 2016;46(1):27–355.

Ajayi EO. Normative and self-perceived orthodontic treatment need in Nigerian school children. Acta Odontol Scand. 2015;73(5):364–7.

Siddiqui TA, Shaikh A, Fida M. Agreement between orthodontist and patient perception using Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need. Saudi Dent J. 2014;26(4):156–65.

Gupta S, Jain A, Mohan S, Bhaskar N, Walia PK. Comparative Evaluation of Oral Health Knowledge, Practices and Attitude of Pregnant and Non-Pregnant Women, and Their Awareness Regarding Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes. J Clin Diagn Res. 2015;9(11):ZC26–32.

Salih FN, Lindsten R, Bågesund M. Perception of orthodontic treatment need among Swedish children, adolescents and young adults. Acta Odontol Scand. 2017;75(6):407–12.

Janošević P, Stošić M, Janošević M, Radojičić J, Filipović G, Čutović T. Index of orthodontic treatment need in children from the Niš region. Vojnosanit Pregl. 2015;72(1):12–5.

Johnson M, George A, Dahlen H, Ajwani S, Bhole S, Blinkhorn A, Ellis S, Yeo A. The midwifery initiated oral health-dental service protocol: an intervention to improve oral health outcomes for pregnant women. BMC Oral Health. 2015;15:2.

Mukherjee PM, Almas K. Orthodontic considerations for gingival health during pregnancy: a review. Int J Dent Hyg. 2010;8(1):3–9.


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Comments on this article

View all comments




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Corresponding: Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de Concepción, Chile. Roosevelt 1550, Concepción, Chile. Phone +56-41-2204232 - E-mail journal@joralres.com.