Evaluation of quality of life in Chilean patients with orthognathic surgery. A cohort study.

  • Macarena Cea-Herrera Escuela de Odontología, Universidad Austral de Chile.
  • Gerald Loyola-Parra Escuela de Odontología, Universidad Austral de Chile.
  • Günther Preisler Servicio de Cirugía y Traumatología Oral y Maxilofacial. Hospital Base de Valdivia.
  • Juan Pablo Alister Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de La Frontera. Unidad de Cirugía Maxilofacial, Hospital Hernán Henríquez Aravena. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de La Frontera.
  • Claudia Letelier-Fuentealba Servicio de Cirugía y Traumatología Oral y Maxilofacial, Hospital San Borja Arriarán.
  • Pedro Christian Aravena Instituto de Anatomía, Histología y Patología, Universidad Austral de Chile.

Abstract

Objective: To compare the presurgical and immediate postsurgical quality of life in Chilean patients with orthognathic surgery. Material and Methods: Cohort study. The study included 30 patients (mean age 20.73, 53.33% male) who underwent orthognathic surgery primarily for severe skeletal abnormalities, (17 surgeries, 56.7%) and moderate skeletal abnormalities (12 surgeries, 40%), from three Chilean hospitals between February and June 2016. Patients were asked to answer the World Health Organization quality of life Bref version questionnaire (WHOQOL-BREF) validated in Spanish to measure quality of life (QoL) two weeks before and three months after the surgery. Scores for general QoL and for every domain of QoL were described. Variations in the scores of general QoL were analyzed according to sex and severity of orofacial malformation (mild, moderate or severe) (ttest p <0.05; STATA 10.0). Results: The average score for QoL according to the WHOQOL-BREF scale was 76.43±13.83 before surgery and 90.5±7.18 three months after surgery (p<0.001). Statistically significant differences according to sex and type of orofacial malformation were found (p<0.01). An increase in the score in all the domains of the WHOQOOL-BREF scale was observed. Conclusion: Orthognathic surgery significantly improved QoL scores in Chilean patients according to the WHOQOL-BREF scale.

Author Biography

Macarena Cea-Herrera, Escuela de Odontología, Universidad Austral de Chile.
Editor de Journal of Oral Research.Asesor en Metodología de la Investigación.

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Published
2016-12-16
How to Cite
CEA-HERRERA, Macarena et al. Evaluation of quality of life in Chilean patients with orthognathic surgery. A cohort study.. Journal of Oral Research, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 8, p. 302-306, dec. 2016. ISSN 0719-2479. Available at: <http://www.joralres.com/index.php/JOR/article/view/joralres.2016.063>. Date accessed: 02 mar. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.17126/joralres.2016.063.
Section
Articles

Keywords

Orthognathic Surgery; Quality of Life; Dentofacial Deformities; Chile.