Oral health status of a sample of Venezuelan patients with spina bifida. A cross-sectional study.

  • Mariana Carolina Morales-Chávez Facultad de Odontología. Universidad Santa María, Caracas.
  • Jessica Gómez-De Sousa Facultad de Odontología. Universidad Santa María, Caracas.
  • Santiago Calderón-Gorrochotegui Facultad de Odontología. Universidad Santa María, Caracas.


Spina bifida (SB) is a congenital malformation of the spinal cord associated with several vertebral abnormalities caused by incomplete neural tube closure. The aim of this study is to report on the oral health status of a sample of Venezuelan patients with SB. Materials and Methods: An observational cross-sectional study was performed in 30 patients with SB to determine their oral health status and other variables of interest.  Results: A 46.7% of the patients had a history of caries: 22% in the 1-4 year group, 71.4% in the 5-7 year group, and 100% in the 8-16 year group. The dmft and DMFT indices were 1.55 and 3.50, respectively. A 46.7% of the patients had gingivitis, 30% had dental calculus, with an OHI-S of 2. The 83% had Angle Class II and 17%, Angle Class I. A 40% had parafunctional habits such as digital suction, use of pacifiers and onicophagia. The 70% had deep palate. Conclusions: Patients with SB have specific oral characteristics and risk factors that must be taken into account in dental treatments to provide adequate care and improve their quality of life.

Author Biography

Mariana Carolina Morales-Chávez, Facultad de Odontología. Universidad Santa María, Caracas.
Editor de Journal of Oral Research.Asesor en Metodología de la Investigación.


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How to Cite
MORALES-CHÁVEZ, Mariana Carolina; GÓMEZ-DE SOUSA, Jessica; CALDERÓN-GORROCHOTEGUI, Santiago. Oral health status of a sample of Venezuelan patients with spina bifida. A cross-sectional study.. Journal of Oral Research, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 6, p. 228-231, aug. 2016. ISSN 0719-2479. Available at: <http://www.joralres.com/index.php/JOR/article/view/joralres.2016.051>. Date accessed: 06 june 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.17126/joralres.2016.051.


spina bifida; spinal dysraphia; hydrocephalus; dental caries; malocclusion.