Oral Health Impact Profile in elderly Chileans in southern Chile.

Matías Yobánolo-Hoffmann, Javiera Valentin-Hoyos, Pedro Aravena

Abstract


Aim: To evaluate the impact of oral health on the quality of life of elderly patients (EP) in the public health system of Valdivia, Chile in 2015. Methods: A descriptive study was conducted using the “Oral Health Impact Profile Spanish version” (OHIP-14Sp), in a population of 387 EP (71,8±7,5 years old; 53% women). The impact of oral health on the quality of life was determined by the average scale score that ranged beween 0 points (good quality of life) and 56 points (poor quality of life). In addition, oral health problems reported by EP population as having a greater influence on their quality of life were also included in this study. Results: The mean score of OHIP-14Sp was 20,1±7,6 points. Items showing problems more frequently associated with quality of life were: “toothache” (32,8%), “appearance of the teeth” (32,8%), “sensitive teeth” (32,3%) and “difficulty for chewing food” (25,8%). Conclusion: The impact of oral health on the quality of life of the EP population was considered low when compared to the median score of OHIP-14Sp. Functional and esthetic aspects showed the highest impact on the quality of life of EP in the city of Valdivia.


Keywords


Quality of life; Oral health; OHIP-14; Elderly.

References


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Corresponding: Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de Concepción, Chile. Roosevelt 1550, Concepción, Chile. Phone +56-41-2204232 - Fax +56-41-2243311- Mailbox 160-C, Concepción, Chile. E-mail journal@joralres.com.