Prevalence of impacted teeth among a sample of Yemeni population and their association with sex and age.
AbstractAim: the aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of impacted teeth and its association with sex and age among a sample of the Yemeni population. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study design was employed. The study included 999 radiographical records of patients who had panoramic X- rays previously done. All radiographs were assessed for the number and type of impacted teeth, pathology-associated impaction, sex, age and location (mandible and/or maxilla). The collected data was analyzed using SPSS®version21 software. Results: The study sample comprised digital panoramic radiographs of Yemeni patients aged 17 to 54 years (mean 26.6 years). The present study found 542 patients (54.3%) presented with at least one impacted tooth. The 17 to 25 years age group of the study sample had the highest prevalence of tooth impaction (28.6%). Only 10 (1.0%) case presented pathologies associated with the impacted teeth. There was a significant difference in the number of male 203 (20.3%) and female 339 (33.9%) patients with impacted teeth (p=0.031). Impacted teeth occurred slightly more often in the mandible (42.8%) compared to the maxilla (42.4%). Conclusion: The prevalence of impacted teeth among a sample of Yemeni population was high. Third molars and canines were the most common impacted teeth. The prevalence of impacted teeth in females was higher than in males and it was higher in the mandible than in the maxilla, with the younger patients with a higher prevalence of impaction.
2. Stecker SS, Beiraghi S, Hodges JS, Peterson VS, Myers SL. Prevalence of dental anomalies in a Southeast Asian population in the Minneapolis/Saint Paul metropolitan area. Northwest dentistry. 2006;86(5):25-8.
3. Tuna EB, Kurklu E, Gencay K, Ak G. Clinical and radiological evaluation of inverse impaction of supernumerary teeth. Medi-cina oral, patologia oral y cirugia bucal. 2013;18(4):e613.
4. Arriola-Guillén LE, Rodríguez-Cárdenas YA, Ruíz-Mora GA. Skeletal and dentoalveolar bilateral dimensions in unilateral palatally impacted canine using cone beam computed tomography. Prog Orthod. 2017;18(1):7.
5. Isola G, Cicciù M, Fiorillo L, Matarese G. Association between odontoma and impacted teeth. J Craniofac Surg. 2017;28(3):755-8.
6. Al-Dajani M, Abouonq AO, Almohammadi TA, Alruwaili MK, Alswilem RO, Alzoubi IA. A Cohort Study of the Patterns of Third Molar Impaction in Panoramic Radiographs in Saudi Population. Open Dent J. 2017;11(1).
7. Pakravan AH, Nabizadeh MM, Nafarzadeh S, Jafari S, Shiva A, Bamdadian T. Evaluation of impact teeth prevalence and related pathologic lesions in patients in Northern part of Iran (2014-2016). J contemp med sci. 2018;4(1).
8. Santosh P, Bharati D, Sumita K, Farzan R. Prevalence of dental anomalies in Indian population. 2013.
9. Hashemipour MA, Tahmasbi-Arashlow M, Fahimi-Hanzaei F. Incidence of impacted mandibular and maxillary third molars: a radiographic study in a Southeast Iran population. Medicina oral, patologia oral y cirugia bucal. 2013;18(1):e140.
10. Assael LA. Indications for elective therapeutic third molar removal: the evidence is in. WB Saunders; 2005.
11. Priya PV, Nasyam FA, Ramprasad M, Penumatsa NV, Akifuddin S. Correlating the clinical assessment of impacted mandibular third molars with panoramic radiograph and intraoral periapical radiograph. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent. 2016;6(Suppl 3):S219.
12. Ezoddini-Ardakani F, Sarikhani-Khorrami K, Shafiee-Rad E, Safaei A, Davodi L. Evaluation the Prevalence of Impacted Teeth in Patients Referred to Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology of Yazd Dental School in years 1392-1394. SSU_Journals. 2016;24(8):659-66.
13. Keris EY, Bozkaya S, Öztürk M, Güngör K. Prevalence and characteristics of impacted permanent molars in a Turkish subpopulation. JOMR. 2016;4(3):45.
14. El-Khateeb SM, Arnout EA, Hifnawy T. Radiographic assessment of impacted teeth and associated pathosis prevalence: Pattern of occurrence at different ages in Saudi male in Western Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J. 2015;36(8):973.
15. Raheem AA, Alhamdani F, Kamal B. The influence of mandibular third molar position on distal caries in mandibular second molar. J Oral Dent Res. 2015;23(2463):1-8.
16. Syed KB, Alshahrani FS, Alabsi WS, Alqahtani ZA, Hameed MS, Mustafa AB, Alam T. Prevalence of Distal Caries in Mandibular Second Molar Due to Impacted Third Molar. J Clin Diagn Res. 2017;11(3):ZC28-30
17. Bayoumi A, Baabdullah R, Bokhari A, Nadershah M. The Prevalence Rate of Third Molar Impaction among Jeddah Population. Int J Dent Oral Health. 2016;2(4).
18. Olasoji H, Odusanya S. Comparative study of third molar impaction in rural and urban areas of southwestern nigeria. Trop Dent J. 2000:25-8.
19. Quek S, Tay C, Tay K, Toh S, Lim K. Pattern of third molar impaction in a Singapore Chinese population: a retrospective radiographic survey. International journal of oral and maxil-lofacial surgery. 2003;32(5):548-52.
20. Kruger E, Thomson WM, Konthasinghe P. Third molar outcomes from age 18 to 26: findings from a population-based New Zealand longitudinal study. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod;2001;92(2):150-5.
21. Kathariya MD, Nikam AP, Chopra K, Patil NN, Raheja H, Kathariya R. Prevalence of dental anomalies among school going children in India. JIOH. 2013;5(5):10.
22. Syed KB, Zaheer KB, Ibrahim M, Bagi MA, Assiri MA. Prevalence of impacted molar teeth among Saudi population in Asir region, Saudi Arabia–a retrospective study of 3 years. Journal of international oral health: JIOH. 2013;5(1):43.
23. McArdle L, Andiappan M, Khan I, Jones J, McDonald F. Diseases associated with mandibular third molar teeth. Br Dent J. 2018;224(6):434.
24. Bataineh AB, Albashaireh ZS, Hazza'a AM. The surgical removal of mandibular third molars: a study in decision making. Quintessence Int. 2002;33:613–7.
25. Wedl J, Danias S, Schmelzle R, Friedrich R. Eruption times of permanent teeth in children and young adolescents in Athens (Greece). Clin Oral Investig. 2005;9(2):131-4.
26. Mustafa A. Prevalence of Impacted Pre-Molar Teeth in College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. JIOH. 2015;7(6):1.
27. Al-Zoubi H, Alharbi AA, Ferguson DJ, Zafar MS. Frequency of impacted teeth and categorization of impacted canines: A retrospective radiographic study using orthopantomograms. Eur J Dent 2017;11(1):117.
28. Fardi A, Kondylidou-Sidira A, Bachour Z, Parisis N, Tsirlis A. Incidence of impacted and supernumerary teeth-a radiographic study in a North Greek population. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2011;16(1):e56-61.
29. Alhammadi M-S, Asiri H-A, Almashraqi A-A. Incidence, severity and orthodontic treatment difficulty index of impacted canines in Saudi population. J Clin Exp Dent. 2018;10(4):e327.
30. Al-Motareb FL, Al-Labani MA, Al-Zubair NM, Dhaifullah E. Prevalence of impacted canine among Yemen population in Sana’a city. Int. J Dent Res. 2017;5(2):148-51.
31. Kafle D, Shrestha S, Acharya N, Agarwal A. Prevalence of Maxillary Central Incisor Impaction and Supernumerary Teeth among Nepalese Orthodontic Patients. OJN. 2016;5(2):14-6.
32. Lee CT, Zhang S, Leung YY, Li SK, Tsang CC, Chu C-H. Patients’ satisfaction and prevalence of complications on surgical extraction of third molar. Patient Prefer Adherence 2015;9:257.
The copyright of all the articles published in the J Oral Res. belongs to the Universidad de Concepción, Chile. All information about theJ Oral Res. is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 and must be cited correctly.