Assessment of nasopharyngeal airway volume in pediatric patients with adenoid hypertrophy by cone-beam computerized tomography.

  • Luis Cueva-Príncipe Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de San Martín de Porres (USMP), Lima, Perú.
  • Pedro Ballona-Chambergo Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de San Martín de Porres (USMP), Lima, Perú.
  • Carlos Alva-Cuneo Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de San Martín de Porres (USMP), Lima, Perú.
  • Rafael Morales-Vadillo Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de San Martín de Porres (USMP), Lima, Perú.

Abstract

Objective: Adenoid hypertrophy is a disease whose most serious effect is the obstruction of the nasopharyngeal airway, leading to severe dentoskeletal deformities. The aim of this study was to determine the volume of the nasopharynx in patients with different grades of adenoid hypertrophy. Materials and methods: A retrospective study was conducted. One hundred and twenty-five cone beam computed tomographies of 8 to 12-year-old pediatric patients, obtained from the 2014-2017 database of the School of Dentistry of Universidad de San Martin de Porres, were selected. Romexis 3.6.0 software (PlanMeca®, Finland) was used. In order to make a diagnosis and determine the grade of hypertrophy (Grade 1= healthy, Grade 2= mild, Grade 3= moderate and Grade 4= severe) quantitative and qualitative methods were used; grades 2, 3 and 4 were considered pathological. The same software was used to determine the volume of the nasopharynx. Results: Grade 1 hypertrophy was 44%, mild 36,8%, moderate 13,6% and severe 5,6%, accounting for a pathological adenoid hypertrophy prevalence of 56%. The mean volume of the nasopharynx was 4.985, 3.375, 2.154 and 0.944cm3 for grades 1, 2, 3 and 4, respectively. Conclusions: There is a high prevalence of pathological adenoid hypertrophy (56%). The volume of the nasopharynx decreases according to the severity of the adenoid hypertrophy.

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Published
2019-08-21
How to Cite
CUEVA-PRÍNCIPE, Luis et al. Assessment of nasopharyngeal airway volume in pediatric patients with adenoid hypertrophy by cone-beam computerized tomography.. Journal of Oral Research, [S.l.], v. 8, n. 3, p. 220-227, aug. 2019. ISSN 0719-2479. Available at: <http://www.joralres.com/index.php/JOR/article/view/856>. Date accessed: 20 sep. 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.17126/jor.v8i3.856.
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Articles