Characterization of consultations for odontogenic abscesses in a major Chilean hospital.

Maite Santander, Tatiana Maggi, Rodrigo Badilla, Dafna Benadof


Objectives: To characterize consultations for odontogenic abscesses at the Dental and Maxillofacial Unit of the Public Emergency Hospital in Santiago, Chile. Methodology: Descriptive study, involving consecutive sampling of patients with diagnosis of odontogenic abscess, conducted between August and September 2016. Descriptive statistics were performed to determine the frequency of diagnosis, affected tooth, sex and need for hospitalization. Results: Odontogenic abscesses accounted for 6.3% (n=414) of a total of 6,535 consultations. Males represented 59%; 42% of odontogenic abscesses presented in molars and maxillary premolars. The vestibular space was the most frequently affected anatomical space (50%), associated in 53% of the cases to submucosal abscesses. Ninety-eight per cent of patients were successfully treated on an outpatient basis, 2% required hospitalization, mainly associated to abscesses involving the deep submandibular space. Conclusion: Odontogenic abscesses account for a low percentage of dental emergencies at the Public Emergency Hospital in Santiago, Chile. Most cases receive outpatient treatment.


dental abscess; hospital dental unit; dental caries; odontogenic infection.


Gay-Escoda C, Berini Aytés L. Tratado de Cirugia Bucal. Tomo I. 1st Ed. Barcelona, España: Ed. Ergon; 2004.

Moreno J, Gutiérrez C, Rodríguez M, Jaramillo A. Prevalencia de diseminación infecciosa de origen odontogénico al complejo bucomaxilofacial. Rev Estomat. 2012;20(1):23–9.

Velasco I, Soto R. Principios para el tratamiento de infecciones odontogénicas con distintos niveles de complejidad. Rev Chil Cir. 2012;64(6):586–98.

Ministerio de Salud. Guía Clínica: Urgencias Odontológicas Ambulatorias. 2nd Ed. Santiago, Chile: MINSAL; 2011.

Flynn TR, Shanti RM, Levi MH, Adamo AK, Kraut RA, Trieger N. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. Severe odontogenic infections, part 1: prospective report. 2006;64(7):1093–103.

Ottaviani G, Costantinides F, Perinetti G, Luzzati R, Contardo L, Visintini E, Tirelli G, Di Lenarda R, Gobbo M, Biasotto M. Epidemiology and variables involved in dental abscess: survey of dental emergency unit in Trieste. Oral Dis. 2014;20(5):499–504.

Boffano P, Roccia F, Pittoni D, Di Dio D, Forni P, Gallesio C. Management of 112 hospitalized patients with spreadingodontogenic infections: correlation with DMFT and oral health impact profile 14 indexes. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2012;113(2):207–13.

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Comments on this article

View all comments

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Corresponding: Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de Concepción, Chile. Roosevelt 1550, Concepción, Chile. Phone +56-41-2204232 - E-mail